Demystifying Insurance: Dr. Lee Bazzarone’s Practitioner’s Guide to the Basics

Demystifying Insurance- Dr. Lee Bazzarone's Practitioner's Guide to the Basics

Insurance can be a baffling labyrinth for healthcare practitioners and their patients. The complex terminology, ever-changing policies, and the sheer number of insurance providers can make anyone’s head spin. However, fear not! In this article, we’ll simplify the world of insurance with the expert guidance of Retired Dr. Lee Bazzarone, a seasoned practitioner with decades of experience in the healthcare industry. Let’s embark on a journey to demystify insurance, one step at a time.

Understanding the Foundations

Before we dive into the nitty-gritty details of insurance, let’s establish a solid foundation. Dr. Bazzarone emphasizes that at its core, insurance is a financial safety net for individuals and healthcare providers. It’s a system that helps manage the often substantial costs of medical care.

The Key Players in Insurance

Now that we have a basic understanding of insurance, let’s identify the key players in this intricate system:

Policyholder: This is the person who purchases an insurance policy, usually the patient or their employer.

Insurance Provider: These are companies that offer insurance policies. Examples include Aetna, Blue Cross Blue Shield, and UnitedHealthcare.

Healthcare Practitioner: Professionals like Retired Dr. Bazzarone, who use to provide medical services to patients.

Payer: The entity responsible for paying the medical bills. This can be the insurance provider or the patient themselves.

Premium: The amount policyholders pay for their insurance coverage, typically on a monthly basis.

Deductible: The initial amount that policyholders must pay out of pocket before their insurance coverage kicks in.

Co-Payment: A fixed amount policyholders pay for a specific service or medication.

Navigating Insurance Plans

Dr. Bazzarone emphasizes that not all insurance plans are created equal. Understanding the different types of insurance plans is crucial for healthcare practitioners. Here are some common ones:

1. Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)

HMO plans require patients to choose a primary care physician (PCP) and get referrals to see specialists. Dr. Bazzarone points out that these plans typically have lower premiums but less flexibility in choosing healthcare providers.

2. Preferred Provider Organization (PPO)

PPO plans offer more flexibility in choosing doctors and specialists without requiring referrals. However, they often come with higher premiums.

3. High Deductible Health Plan (HDHP)

HDHPs come with higher deductibles but lower premiums. They are often paired with Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), allowing patients to save money for medical expenses tax-free.

4. Medicare and Medicaid

Medicare serves individuals aged 65 and older, while Medicaid is for low-income individuals and families. Understanding the intricacies of these government-funded programs is vital for practitioners like Dr. Bazzarone.

The Claims Process Demystified

One of the most critical aspects of insurance for healthcare practitioners is the claims process. This is where the rubber meets the road, and understanding it is paramount for receiving timely payments.

Filing a Claim

Dr. Bazzarone explains that after providing medical services, practitioners submit claims to the patient’s insurance company. These claims detail the services rendered, along with associated codes for diagnosis and procedure.

Claim Adjudication

Once received, the insurance company reviews the claim to ensure it aligns with the patient’s policy. They check for errors and discrepancies, and this process is known as claim adjudication.

Payment and Explanation of Benefits (EOB)

If the claim is approved, the insurance company issues a payment to the practitioner. Simultaneously, they send an Explanation of Benefits (EOB) to the patient and practitioner. The EOB outlines what the insurance covered and any amounts owed by the patient.

Navigating Co-Payments and Deductibles

Dr. Bazzarone emphasizes that understanding co-payments and deductibles is vital for practitioners. Co-payments are fixed amounts patients pay for specific services, while deductibles are the initial costs paid by the patient before insurance coverage begins.

He advises practitioners to educate their patients about these costs upfront, ensuring transparency in the billing process.

Insurance Credentialing: A Vital Step

For practitioners, being in-network with insurance providers can significantly impact their patient flow. Dr. Bazzarone highlights the importance of insurance credentialing, which is the process of becoming an approved provider for an insurance network.

He suggests that practitioners should explore the credentialing requirements of different insurance companies and assess whether the effort is worth the potential increase in patients.

Ethical Considerations in Insurance Billing

As a practitioner, ethical billing practices are paramount. Dr. Bazzarone stresses the importance of accurately documenting and billing for services provided. He advises practitioners to avoid upcoding or unbundling, which are unethical billing practices that can lead to serious consequences.

Embracing Technology in Insurance Billing

In the digital age, technology plays a significant role in insurance billing. Dr. Bazzarone recommends utilizing electronic health record (EHR) systems and billing software to streamline the process and reduce errors.


Insurance may seem like a daunting subject, but with Dr. Lee Bazzarone’s expert guidance, we’ve demystified its basics. As a practitioner, understanding insurance is key to providing quality healthcare while navigating the financial complexities of the healthcare system.

Dr. Lee Bazzarone’s vast experience and expertise in the field make him a valuable resource for healthcare practitioners seeking clarity in the world of insurance. By mastering the fundamentals, healthcare providers can ensure their practices thrive while offering the best possible care to their patients.

About the Author

Dr. Lee Bazzarone is a retired chiropractor who built a successful career as a practitioner beginning in 1988. He is excited to seek new entrepreneurial endeavors and online initiatives. He is active in his church and works regularly with church youth. With a heart for serving, he and his wife have volunteered for missions in Haiti. Dr. Bazzarone has a wealth of health knowledge and advice as well as deep insight into how insurance works.

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