Bloodborne pathogens are infectious and come from human blood. Learn about the common bloodborne diseases in this guide.
Almost four million Americans suffer from bloodborne diseases.
Bloodborne diseases are a broad category of illnesses caused by bloodborne pathogens, such as viruses, parasites, and fungi. The impact of bloodborne diseases in the United States of America is serious.
Have you ever worried about catching a disease from an infected coworker? Does the idea of contracting an illness scare you?
We can make light of work hazards or reassurances of previous vaccines. A little information helps us dismiss the risks if they aren’t serious. Read on to learn more about the risks of bloodborne diseases and symptoms.
Hepatitis B (HBV)
Hepatitis B (HBV) is a bloodborne virus that causes inflammation of the liver. Symptoms of HBV can include fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, jaundice, and dark urine.
Left untreated, HBV can cause severe liver damage and even death. The good news is that HBV is preventable. Vaccines are available to protect against infection and reduce the risk of serious complications.
It is important to practice good hygiene and avoid activities that can spread the virus to reduce the risk of infection. With proper vaccination, HBV can be prevented altogether.
Hepatitis C (HCV)
HCV is one of the most serious types of hepatitis infections—it can cause liver failure and liver cancer. People who use illicit drugs, have unprotected sex, and/or get tattoos with non-sterilized needles, are at higher risk for becoming infected with HCV.
Symptoms of HCV infection include fever, fatigue, abdominal pain, and jaundice. HCV is a virus that attacks the liver. It can cause infection, cirrhosis, and even liver cancer if left untreated.
Fortunately, it can be cured with antiviral medication. To prevent HCV and other bloodborne diseases, people should always practice safe sex and never share needles or syringes.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
HIV affects the immune system and causes a person to be more vulnerable to other kinds of infections and common diseases. It passes through unprotected sexual contact or through sharing contaminated needles.
If left untreated, it will eventually deplete the body’s natural defenses and lead to AIDS. HIV is not curable. Bloodborne diseases are a serious health risk to people who interact with blood or bodily fluids, such as healthcare professionals.
Bloodborne pathogens certification educates professionals on the various illnesses and diseases they can come into contact with when carrying out their duties.
Zika virus is a bloodborne viral infection, transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. It is like other mosquito-borne viruses. Such as dengue, yellow fever, and West Nile Virus, but differs in that it can pass through sexual contact.
Symptoms include headache, joint pain, fever, fatigue, and rash. It can cause severe birth defects if a woman is pregnant. Prevention includes avoiding mosquito bites, wearing protective clothing, following public health recommendations, and using condoms during sex.
Preventing Bloodborne Diseases
Bloodborne diseases can be dangerous, causing serious illnesses. But, bloodborne diseases are preventable with the proper steps taken. These steps include avoiding contact with contaminated items and practicing good hygiene.
Everyone should take caution and make sure to stay informed on the causes, treatment of Canavan disease , and prevention. Take control of your health and reduce your risk of contracting a bloodborne disease today!
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