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The 5 Best Investment Property Loans for 2023

Wondering If You Can Afford Investing In Commercial Real Estate? Fractional Ownership Is The Answer!

In 2023, real estate investment has become an increasingly alluring avenue for individuals and businesses seeking to secure their financial future. The dynamic landscape of the real estate market, coupled with evolving economic conditions, has created a perfect storm of opportunities for savvy investors to capitalize on.

In this article, we will take a look into the five best investment property loans for 2023 and discover how investors can maximize their gains through these loan options.

1. Conventional loan

Conventional mortgages are versatile loan options available for both primary residences and investment properties.

Characteristics of conventional loans


Conventional loans are flexible and can be used for various purposes, including purchasing primary residences, second homes, and investment properties. They offer borrowers a wide range of options.


To qualify for a conventional loan, applicants typically need a stable employment history of at least two years, providing pay slips and tax returns to verify income. A minimum credit score of 620 is generally required, and borrowers are expected to make a down payment of 10-20% of the property’s purchase price. The debt-to-income ratio (DTI) should generally be below 45%.

Mortgage Insurance

Conventional loans may require private mortgage insurance (PMI) if the down payment is less than 20% of the property’s value. Once the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio reaches 80%, borrowers can request the removal of PMI, reducing monthly payments.

Loan Limits

Conventional loans have set borrowing limits established by government-sponsored entities like Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

Benefits of conventional loans:

  • Flexible Property Options: Conventional loans can be used to finance a variety of property types, including single-family homes, condos, townhouses, and multi-unit properties, offering borrowers more investment choices.
  • Equity Building: As borrowers make mortgage payments, they build equity in the property, eventually leading to full ownership. This can serve as an asset and a source of wealth over time.


2. DSCR loan

DSCR loans are ideal for investors seeking properties with promising potential and the likelihood of generating good returns.

Characteristics of DSCR loans:

Rental property focus

DSCR loans are intended for properties that will be used as rental units, not for the borrower’s primary residence. The income generated from renting out the property is used to pay off the loan.

NOI/TDS ratio

The loan eligibility is determined by the Net Operating Income (NOI) to Total Debt Service (TDS) ratio. NOI represents the property’s operating income, while TDS signifies the monthly payment made to the lender for servicing the debt.

Credit score and down payment

Typically, a minimum credit score of 620 is required, and a down payment of 20–25% is necessary to qualify for DSCR loans. However, these requirements may vary depending on the lender.

Loan-to-value (LTV)

LTV is the down payment made against the loan amount. The maximum LTV for DSCR loans is usually 80%.

Interest rates

DSCR loans may come with higher interest rates, but if the NOI/TDS ratio is favorable, lenders might offer lower interest rates.

Property appraisal and 1007 document

To assess the current property value and determine the fair market rent, lenders often require a property appraisal document and the 1007 document.

Benefits of DSCR loans:

  • No need for personal income documentation: DSCR loans do not require the borrower to submit personal income documents or share employment history and tax returns.
  • Multiple property acquisition: Investors can use DSCR loans to finance multiple investment properties.
  • Loan restructuring: Borrowers may have the option to restructure loan terms to better suit their financial strategies for the property.


3. Bank statement loan

A bank statement loan uses 12-24 months of bank statements, instead of traditional income documents, to determine creditworthiness. Ideal for self-employed individuals and those without standard income proof.

Characteristics of bank statement loans

Documentation flexibility

Ideal for individuals without traditional income documentation, like pay stubs. Instead, lenders rely on 12-24 months of bank statements and 2 years of P&L statements for self-employed applicants.

Catering to entrepreneurs

Tailored for self-employed individuals, business owners, and freelancers who may not have conventional income proof.

Benefits of bank statement loans

  • Streamlined approval process: By evaluating bank statements to determine creditworthiness, these loans offer a quicker and more efficient approval process compared to traditional loan applications.
  • Flexibility in income proof: 12-24 months of bank statements serve as proof of income, allowing applicants with irregular income streams to qualify for loans.
  • Lower credit score threshold: With a minimum credit score requirement of 600, these loans accommodate borrowers with moderate credit scores.
  • Debt-to-income (DTI) ratio flexibility: A DTI ratio of 45 or lower is generally acceptable, making it easier for applicants to manage existing debt obligations while qualifying for the loan.
  • Reasonable down payment: Typically, a down payment ranging from 10% to 20% is required, providing borrowers with various down payment options.
  • Lender-specific criteria: While the guidelines mentioned above are general, it’s essential to note that specific requirements may vary between lenders, offering borrowers more choices to find the best-fit loan for their needs.


4. Asset-based loan

Asset-based mortgages present an alternative approach to determining creditworthiness for borrowers seeking financial assistance. Rather than relying solely on conventional credit scores, these mortgages enable borrowers to secure loans based on the value of their assets. The key characteristics of asset-based mortgages are as follows:

Characteristics of asset-based loan

Creditworthiness assessment through assets

With asset-based mortgages, borrowers can demonstrate their creditworthiness by leveraging their valuable assets, such as stocks, jewelry, art pieces, vehicles, cash reserves, retirement funds, and real estate holdings. This approach allows individuals with limited credit history or lower credit scores to access mortgage financing.

Value-based collateral

The loan amount is determined based on the total value of the assets being used as collateral. As a result, the lender evaluates the combined worth of the borrower’s assets to decide on the maximum mortgage amount they can receive.

Property appreciation consideration

Besides the initial assessment of the asset’s value, the potential appreciation of properties over time also comes into play. This means that the overall value of the assets may increase, influencing the borrower’s ability to secure a larger mortgage.

20% down payment requirement

Typically, asset-based mortgages require a down payment of at least 20% of the property’s value. This down payment serves as a commitment from the borrower and helps reduce the lender’s risk.

Credit score threshold

While asset-based mortgages offer an alternative to traditional credit score-based lending, some lenders may still set a minimum credit score requirement, often around 620 or higher, to ensure a certain level of financial stability.

Benefits of asset-based mortgages

  • Flexible asset utilization: Borrowers can utilize various assets as collateral, giving them more flexibility in managing their financial resources while still accessing mortgage financing.
  • Property appreciation potential: Borrowers stand to gain from any potential appreciation in the value of the properties offered as collateral, which can increase their net worth over time.
  • Reduced emphasis on credit scores: Asset-based mortgages shift the emphasis from credit scores to tangible assets, enabling borrowers with a strong asset base to secure loans despite lower credit scores.
  • Potential for larger loans: The consideration of property appreciation and diversified asset collateral may allow borrowers to access larger mortgage amounts than they might obtain through traditional lending channels.


5. Self-employed mortgage

Self-employed mortgages cater to individuals who are unable to qualify for traditional mortgages due to their unique employment status and lacking a typical steady income stream.

Characteristics of self-employed mortgages

Non-traditional income

Unlike traditional borrowers with regular salaries, self-employed individuals often have fluctuating or non-standard income sources, such as freelancing, gig work, or running their own businesses.

Debt-to-income ratio (DTI)

Lenders consider the debt-to-income ratio to assess the borrower’s ability to manage debt. For self-employed mortgages, a DTI ratio of less than 45% is typically required, and a lower DTI is more favorable for loan approval.

Diverse self-employed borrowers

Self-employed mortgages are available to a wide range of individuals, including gig workers, contractors, freelancers, entrepreneurs, and small business owners, who may face challenges when proving their income stability through traditional means.

Benefits of self-employed mortgages

  • Increased eligibility: Self-employed mortgages broaden access to homeownership for those with diverse income streams, as they focus on evaluating the borrower’s ability to repay rather than relying solely on traditional employment and income records.
  • Flexibility in income evaluation: Self-employed borrowers can leverage various forms of income, such as business profits, freelance earnings, and contract payments, making it more convenient to qualify for the mortgage.
  • Support for entrepreneurs: Self-employed mortgages support entrepreneurs and small business owners by acknowledging their entrepreneurial ventures and providing a path to homeownership despite the fluctuations in their income.

Summing up

In 2023, real estate investment thrives with attractive returns and a thriving rental market. Conventional, DSCR, and bank statement loans offer diverse opportunities for maximum returns.

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