When it comes to choosing the right commercial truck tires, axle positions matter, especially because there is a functional difference between drive axle tires, steer tires, drive tires and trailer tires.
Steer tires are located on the front axle of the truck and are responsible for steering and maneuvering the vehicle. They play a crucial role in maintaining control and providing responsive handling. Steer tires are designed to provide good traction, stability, and precise steering. They need to be able to withstand the weight of the front axle while effectively gripping the road surface.
On the other hand, drive tires are located on the rear axle(s) of the truck and are responsible for transmitting power from the engine to the road. Drive tires are designed to provide traction and grip on the road surface, especially during acceleration or while driving on uneven or slippery terrain. They are expected to withstand the torque generated by the engine and transfer it effectively to the ground. These tires are typically subjected to higher loads and forces compared to other tires on the vehicle due to the power transmission.
Trailer tires are mounted on the axles of the trailer portion of the truck. They carry the weight of the cargo being transported. Unlike steer tires and drive tires, trailer tires do not contribute to steering or propulsion. They are designed to support heavy loads and provide stability for the trailer. They typically have shallower tread patterns compared to drive tires and are built to withstand prolonged highway use.
Choosing Drive Axle Tires
Tires suitable for drive axle position are drive tires, traction tires, all-position tires, mud and snow tires, off-road tires and winter tires. Any truck tire repair shop would testify to this.
Some of the factors which must be considered while choosing drive axle position truck tires are the road conditions, load rating and capacity, tread pattern and design, tread life and durability, fuel efficiency, retreading options, tire size as well as warranty conditions.
Choosing Steer Axle Tires
There are specific tires which are suitable for the steer axle position, which any truck tire repair shop will confirm. These are highway tires, all-position tires, all season tires, low-profile tires with shorter sidewalls and wider tread, fuel-efficient tires and retreaded tires.
While selecting tires for the steer axle position of a commercial truck, it’s crucial to prioritize safety, steering response, and overall performance. Some factors to consider while choosing tires for steer axles are load capacity, tread pattern, tread depth, sidewall strength, durability and longevity as well as maintenance cost.
Choosing Trailer Axle Tires
Tires suitable for trailer axle position are trailer-specific tires, highway tires, all-position tires, regional tires, fuel-efficient tires as well as retreaded tires.
While choosing trailer axle tires, factors like load capacity, durability, traction, rolling resistance, tread life, regulator compliance and budget should be taken into account.