Risk Parity Strategy Defined – Should You Use It?

Diversification is paramount in the trading landscape, regardless of the specific sector. Investors can no longer afford to invest without safeguarding their portfolios with diligent strategies, from FX and stocks to securities and even crypto. This blog post will discuss one of the most advanced and proven diversification tactics available. 

What is The Risk Parity Strategy

The risk parity strategy is a practice of mitigating risk by employing several different instruments, ensuring that no single investment is significant enough to endanger the entire asset pool.

This approach requires investors to find financial instruments that go in the opposite direction, avoiding the chance of accumulated losses and maximising the opportunities for high profits. 

Naturally, this strategy entails that invested assets respond differently to various scenarios. 

When utilising this approach, there are two main aspects to examine: 

  • Low-risk securities must bring higher returns than riskier investments. 
  • Returns from leveraged trading must be more significant than regular non-leverage trading efforts. 

The Inner Workings of the Risk Parity Approach

There are three core pillars to consider here: 

  • Asset Classes – While investors can fill their asset pools with different types of assets, including stocks, bonds, commodities and other instruments, they must carefully evaluate their respective risks. Risk parity implies building an asset pool with proportionate risk levels. Everything else is up to the investors. 
  • Risk Factor – The risk factor in this approach indicates the various market-wide threats to investment portfolios, including inflation, economic downturns, political tensions and government regulations. 
  • Diversification – With this approach, investors must look beyond the geographical borders, selecting financial assets that are not united under the same political and social regiment. This way, a single country’s political and economic difficulties will not influence the overall portfolio.  

How To Optimise Your Risk Parity Approach? 

This strategy will look different depending on various conditions, including the investors’ risk tolerance and their preferred investment markets. However, one thing remains consistent across the board – it is essential to construct a portfolio with assets that come from different markets and sovereign territories. 

One of the most diligent variations on this strategy is the all-weather portfolio concept, suggested by the founder of Bridgewater, Ray Dalio. According to this approach, investors must build a portfolio not strongly influenced by economic cycles, inflation, various bubbles and downturns. 

With this tactic, the overall asset pool remains flexible in the light of economic fluctuations. The all-weather portfolio should roughly have the following allocation: 

  • 30% U.S. Stocks.
  • 40% Long-Term Treasury Bonds.
  • 15% Intermediate-Term Treasury Bonds.
  • 7.5% Commodities.
  • 7.5% Gold.

Harry Browne’s “permanent portfolio” is another excellent modification of this strategy. It implies that portfolios should include two major types of financial assets – one with a long-term upward movement and the other with short-term investments prone to fluctuating. 

The permanent portfolio asset allocation structure should be as follows: 

  • 25% U.S. stock.
  • 25% long-term U.S. Treasury bonds.
  • 25% short-term U.S. Treasury bonds.
  • 25% gold.

Both variations include treasury bonds and equity shares because these mechanisms are among the safest investment options on the free market. 

To Summarise 

Risk parity is a state-of-the-art tactic focusing on risk management and profit optimisation. While it strictly implies diversification in geography and economic markets, investors are free to use this strategy across multiple trading industries without limitations. 

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