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Residual Income and How to Calculate it?

Residual Income

What is Residual Income?

Defined differently depending on the circumstances, residual income (RI) refers to any amount of money that an investment earns over and above the opportunity cost of capital spent. In terms of corporate finance, this extra profit is essentially what RI stands for.

In terms of equity valuation, residual income is the net profit after taking into consideration all stockholders’ opportunity costs in producing that same revenue.

Residual Income in the Context of Corporate Finance

By calculating residual income, companies can distribute resources amongst investments more wisely. If a company has achieved a positive RI, it signifies that the return on investment rate was greater than what had been initially projected. 

On the other hand, if there is a negative result and an RI of less than zero then this suggests that goals have not been met.

How to calculate residual income

RI Formula

RI = Controllable Margin – Average of Operating Assets * Required Rate of Return


  • Controllable margin, Segment margin, otherwise known as the project’s net income, is simply the total revenue minus expenses. To ensure a successful investment and a desirable rate of return for your business, it’s essential to set a threshold consisting of the minimum amount you are willing to accept from the said venture.
  • Operating assets are the essential resources a business needs to keep its operations running. Examples include but aren’t limited to cash, accounts receivable, inventory, and fixed assets – all of which average out over time.

Residual Income in Equity Valuation

Calculating a company’s intrinsic value can be difficult, but one of the most reliable methods is to assess its residual income.

So that owners can gauge the economic benefit of their business, companies are evaluated on their book value and projected residual income. The Residual Income (RI) is a means to measure how much profit remains after accounting for all opportunity costs related to capital investments.

RI Formula

RI = Net Income – Equity Charge

In a nutshell, the residual income is the changed net gain relying upon the cost of equity. To find out this figure, take the company’s equity capital and multiply it by the charge for equity.

Residual Income in Personal Finance

Residual income, synonymous with discretionary income, is any extra money left to an individual after settling all debt obligations like mortgages and car loans. This concept is essential in the realm of personal finance.

For instance, let’s say worker A has a salary of $4,000 and needs to pay off monthly mortgage payments totaling $800 and car loans amounting to $700. This would mean their Remaining Income (RI) is equal to $2,500 ($4,000 – ($800 +$700)). In other words, it’s the sum that remains after covering all necessary expenses.

Residual income is a critical indicator when it comes to obtaining loans, as lenders and banks use this metric to assess an individual’s ability to repay the loan. High residual income reflects that a person has enough funds on hand for their daily expenses while still being capable of taking out another loan.

Consequently, proof of strong RI will increase someone’s chances of getting approved for financing compared with those who possess lower residual incomes.


How to make residual income?

Residual income can be earned through investing in various financial products such as stocks, bonds, and real estate. Additionally, passive income streams such as blogging or creating an online course can help generate residual income over the long term.

What is considered residual income?

In general terms, residual income is any extra money that an investor earns after they have paid off all their debt obligations. This concept is important when it comes to obtaining loans since lenders take into account how much residual income someone has before granting them financing.

Is Residual Income taxable?

Yes, most forms of residual income are subject to taxation depending on the country’s jurisdiction. It’s best to consult with a qualified accountant or financial advisor for more information.

How can I increase my Residual Income?

There are a few methods when it comes to increasing residual income. Investing in stocks, bonds, and real estate are popular ways to do this, as well as generating passive income through blogging or creating an online course. Additionally, you could also cut back on expenses to free up more funds for investments that will result in higher returns over the long term.

What is Equity Charge?

Equity charge refers to the cost of equity capital which is used to calculate residual income (RI). The equity charge is calculated by multiplying the company’s equity capital with its required rate of return. This figure is then subtracted from the net income earned.

What does residual income mean?

Residual income refers to any extra money that remains after an individual has paid off all their debt obligations. This concept is important in the realms of personal finance and loan applications, as lenders take into account the amount of residual income someone has before granting them financing.

What is a good Residual Income?

A good amount of residual income should be enough for someone to cover their daily living expenses while still having funds left over for potential investments. Generally speaking, the higher the residual income, the more likely it is that a person will get approved for a loan from a lender or bank.

How to calculate residual income for VA loans?

Calculating residual income for VA loans is an important step in ensuring that you can comfortably afford the mortgage loan payments. Residual income is a measure of how much additional income remains, after all, monthly debt obligations, such as auto and student loans, credit cards, alimony, etc., are subtracted from the gross income. The VA requires borrowers to have enough money left over after their debts and housing expenses (mortgage payment) to cover all other necessary living expenses, known as residual or discretionary income.

The most straightforward way to calculate your residual income on a VA loan is by using the following formula: Gross monthly family income minus total recurring debt divided by 4. This will provide you with your effective residual ratio or “qualifying” ratio – it should be no less than 1 for approval on a VA loan.

For example, let’s suppose that your gross monthly family income is $7000 and your total recurring debt (including expected mortgage payments) comes up to $3000 each month; you would divide 7000-3000/4 = 1250. That means 1250 will be used as the qualifying residue during this calculation – any amount below this number wouldn’t qualify for approval on a VA loan.

Whether you’re getting ready for home ownership or hoping to refinance an existing mortgage with better terms through a veterans’ benefits program like those provided through a VA Loan Guaranty Program, understanding how to calculate residual incomes can empower potential buyers in securing favorable mortgages tailored specifically towards them!

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