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Programming for Kids and Beginners: Learn to Code in Scratch

Have you ever wanted to teach coding to your child using Scratch but weren’t sure where to begin? Scratch is a programming language designed specifically for kids and beginners by the MIT Media Lab in 2007. The platform has experienced over two updates, i.e., switching from the Squeak programming language to ActionScript and, finally, the most recent JavaScript version. Scratch was created to provide kids with a free, visually appealing coding environment that produces a complete result while explaining the basics of coding. Here is the guide by which you can easily get started with the coding language.

Coding for all ages

The Scratch programming language transforms the coding process with its user-friendly visual syntax. It is specifically suited for kids ages seven and above, with ScratchJr benefiting younger kids or those between the age groups 7 to 11. Students have an excellent opportunity to learn coding and generate interactive stories, animations, fun games, and music with the help of this online interactive software.


However, Scratch is not just for kids; adults who have computer science skills can benefit from its friendly and open style. With drag-and-drop code blocks, it is an easy-to-learn block-based coding language for programming which results in simple coding concepts.

While Scratch may be used as an entry point, advanced languages like Python, HTML, and Java are frequently employed by programmers in areas of professional information technology. Students can explore fields like data science, robotics, and more by learning text-based programming, which will help them develop their talents.

Getting started with Scratch

Now that you have known about the Scratch programming intro, it’s time to assist your child in becoming familiar with the software. The learning environment has a simple drag-and-drop interface. It contains a collection of predefined sprites (characters or objects) and backdrops for you to choose from and make your own graphics on your Scratch projects. With the use of 2D graphics – bitmap and vector images, kids can create visually appealing code games in 2D. Along with these, you can learn about coding through the Scratch website.


Spend some time browsing Scratch’s webpage to get acquainted with it. Encourage your kid to participate by encouraging them to watch and express their observations and questions. Don’t forget to browse the gallery of student work from the Scratch online community; it’s a fantastic source of ideas.

To learn more about what Scratch has to offer, motivate your kid to explore and navigate the program freely. Make a list of any questions your child has if you cannot provide an answer so that you may research and learn together. Always keep in mind that it’s acceptable not to have every response and that exploring and figuring things out with others may be a productive learning experience.

Although the projects on the site might be motivating, beginners may find it difficult to navigate them. A Scratch tutorial is helpful in this situation. Scratch offers video lessons demonstrating how to code various projects, providing a unique approach to learning more about coding with Scratch. Kids can continue their education by taking more difficult Python classes or switching to another language after mastering the Scratch basics.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Learning Scratch Coding

As technology advances, learning coding languages with various tools is easy. With an online learning platform, your kids can get expert instructions. The online platforms’ coding courses help engage students with coding, making them proficient enough to open career opportunities.

The guide is a beginner’s tutorial for employing the Scratch coding language to create animations, own games, and other coding. You can find step-by-step directions below for launching Scratch.

Step 1: Open a new project

To begin with the Scratch programming, the first step is to click ‘create’ on the homepage to start a new project. Once done, you will find there are three sections on your screen. Several coding blocks are under the ‘Blocks’ menu on the left side. A large screen is available to put the suitable coding blocks in the middle of the screen. On the right side, there is a small menu responsible for handling sprites and backdrops.

Step 2: Move code blocks

Now move the code blocks to the large space of the screen. The center has a large space to which the code blocks are moved from the left side. The characters and objects are known as sprites on scratch programming. You have the option to add or remove as many sprites as you wish. The stage will display a new sprite every single time you add one.

Step 3: Click on one sprite to code for them

To code for a specific sprite, click on each of them. You may pick from a huge selection of entertaining sprites. No matter what students choose to create – a butterfly or a soccer player, they amaze us with their imaginative decisions. Sprites may move, produce sounds, and change their color using these blocks. And when linked together, they provide a chain of operations that you may use to create scratch games, animations, and other projects.

Step 4: Run your code

Click on the green flag after you have coded your project. This will start running your code on the stage. You must create an account to save or share your creation. If you have already created an account, you just need to log in and follow the instructions. Make sure you are present while your kid is creating a Scratch account.


Scratch is an advanced coding language and platform that encourages creativity and facilitates learning for beginners of all ages. You can consider signing up with Juni Learning, where instructors help students to learn about computer programming through interactive live online coding sessions.

The Scratch coding class aims to let kids have fun while learning the fundamentals of coding and concentrating on creating video games in Scratch. The coding classes encourage computational thinking and problem-solving skills while offering innovative methods of learning, self-expression, and diversity in programming.

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