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Know The Two-Wheeler Insurance Rules Before Buying Bike Insurance

When it comes to safeguarding your two-wheeler, understanding the rules and regulations surrounding bike insurance is crucial. In India, purchasing bike insurance is not just a prudent decision but also a legal requirement. There are two primary types of bike insurance: third-party bike insurance and comprehensive bike insurance. Both offer different levels of coverage and protection.

This article will guide you through the essential rules and regulations you need to know before buying bike insurance, ensuring you make an informed decision and stay compliant with the law.

Types of bike insurance

  • Third-party bike insurance

Third-party bike insurance is the most basic form of bike insurance and is mandated by law in India. This type of insurance covers damages caused to a third party in the event of an accident. It includes compensation for injury, death, or property damage to the third party. However, third-party bike insurance does not cover any damage to your bike or personal injuries. Despite its limited coverage, it is a legal necessity, and riding without it can result in hefty fines and penalties.

  • Comprehensive bike insurance

Comprehensive bike insurance offers broader coverage than third-party bike insurance. It includes third-party liability as well as coverage for damages to your bike due to accidents, theft, fire, natural disasters, and vandalism. Additionally, comprehensive policies often come with add-ons like zero depreciation cover, roadside assistance, and personal accident cover, providing extensive protection. While comprehensive bike insurance is not mandatory, it is highly recommended for better financial security.

Legal requirements and regulations

  • Mandatory third-party insurance

In India, the Motor Vehicles Act, of 1988 mandates that every two-wheeler must have at least third-party bike insurance. Failing to comply with this law can result in fines, legal consequences, and even imprisonment. It is crucial to ensure your bike is insured with at least third-party coverage to stay compliant with the law and avoid penalties.

  • Validity and renewal

Bike insurance policies typically have a validity of one year. It is essential to renew your bike insurance policy before it expires to maintain continuous coverage. Riding with an expired policy is equivalent to riding without insurance and can attract penalties. Most insurance companies offer online renewal facilities, making it convenient to keep your policy active.

  • Personal accident cover

As per the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI), all two-wheeler insurance policies must include a personal accident cover for the owner-driver. This cover provides compensation in case of accidental death or permanent disability resulting from a bike accident. The standard cover amount is ₹15 lakh, and it can be availed either as part of the bike insurance policy or as a standalone cover.

Factors Affecting Bike Insurance Premiums

Several factors influence the cost of your bike insurance premiums. Understanding these factors can help you manage your insurance expenses effectively.

  • Bike model and age

The make, model, and age of your bike significantly impact your insurance premium. High-end or expensive bikes attract higher premiums due to their higher repair and replacement costs. Older bikes may have lower premiums but could be subject to higher depreciation rates.

  • Engine capacity

The engine capacity of your bike also affects the premium amount. Bikes with higher engine capacities are considered riskier to insure due to their potential for higher speeds and more severe accidents.

  • No-claim bonus (NCB)

Insurance companies offer a no-claim bonus (NCB) as a reward for policyholders who do not file any claims during the policy term. The NCB can significantly reduce your premium upon renewal, making it beneficial to ride safely and avoid claims for minor damages.

  • Geographical location

Your location plays a crucial role in determining your bike insurance premium. Urban areas with higher traffic density and accident rates usually attract higher premiums compared to rural areas.

Additional coverages and add-ons

While comprehensive bike insurance provides extensive coverage, you can further enhance your protection with additional coverages and add-ons.

  • Zero depreciation cover

A zero depreciation cover ensures that you receive the full claim amount without any deduction for depreciation on the parts being replaced. This add-on is particularly useful for new bikes, ensuring maximum compensation in case of damage.

  • Roadside assistance

The roadside assistance add-on provides immediate help in case your bike breaks down or encounters any mechanical issues during a journey. Services include towing, battery jump-starts, minor repairs, and fuel delivery.

  • Engine protection cover

Engine protection cover safeguards against damages to your bike’s engine due to water ingress or oil leakage, which are typically not covered under standard policies. This add-on is especially beneficial for those living in areas prone to heavy rainfall and flooding.

Tips for buying bike insurance

  • Compare policies

Before purchasing bike insurance, compare policies from different insurers to find the best coverage at the most competitive price. Use online comparison tools to evaluate premiums, coverage options, and customer reviews.

  • Understand the policy terms

Read the policy documents carefully to understand the terms, conditions, and exclusions. Knowing what is covered and what is not will help you avoid any surprises during claim settlement.

  • Choose the right add-ons

Select add-ons based on your needs and riding habits. While add-ons enhance your coverage, they also increase your premium. Balance your budget with the additional protection offered by the add-ons.


Understanding the rules and regulations of bike insurance is crucial for every two-wheeler owner in India. Ensuring you have at least third-party bike insurance is not just a legal requirement but a fundamental step towards financial protection. Opting for comprehensive bike insurance and suitable add-ons can provide extensive coverage, safeguarding you against a wide range of risks. Stay informed, compare policies, and choose the right coverage to enjoy a worry-free riding experience.

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