The inception of the CMS
Without a back-end database, the initial versions of CMS were very basic. It allowed you to create static web pages and there was no option for personalization. In essence, you could argue that the first CMS on the market were merely website builders.
This changed with the introduction of the now common CMS providers: Drupal, WordPress, and Joomla!. These companies make use of a database, typically MySQL. Combined with languages such as PHP, HTML, and CSS they can create both a visitor and admin section to the website. In the admin section, it was possible to add content and publish it on the website. Lots of websites started to crave open-source options, such as WordPress, and their adoption was accelerating.
Headless CMS as the new standard
Although the ‘traditional’ CMS is still being used today, different standards have emerged. This is the case due to the versatility of today’s Internet landscape. Users are no longer being served through websites alone, but make use of applications, self-service devices, smartphone apps, tablets, and portals.
To supply information to all these services, a uniform solution was needed: the headless CMS. This CMS does not have a front-end, but simply supplies the content through an API to the channels hence the name ‘omnichannel’ approach. When we look at the admin side of a headless CMS it is comparable to the traditional CMS. With rich content editing capabilities and in some cases even A/B testing.
Headless CMS comparison
To understand the different options available in the market today, it makes sense to look at a headless CMS comparison. On the Internet, you can find many comparisons that show the latest features you might expect. If you are interested in looking at headless, including angular CMS option, you should take into account at least the following elements:
- Possibility to publish on multiple channels
- Rich content editing capabilities
- Versioning and roll-back
- Search-Engine Optimisation (SEO) capabilities
- API management
- Software Development Kits (SDKs) to further enrich the CMS
Furthermore, you could elaborate on the API management as there are many potential options (e.g., GraphQL API). You could also enhance the capabilities of your website if it serves a global visitor base. For example, some CMS offer a global Content Delivery Network (CDN) that makes sure your website and applications load faster across the globe. This is essential if you want to have a competitive advantage with the services that you offer to customers.