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How to Grill Chicken Breast on a Pellet Grill: A Complete Guide

Grilling chicken breast on a pellet grill is an art that requires skill and precision. The smoky flavor and juicy tenderness resulting from this cooking method are irresistible. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of how to grill chicken breast on a pellet grill, ensuring that you achieve perfect results every time. Whether you’re a seasoned grill master or a novice cook, this article will equip you with the knowledge and techniques to impress your family and friends with mouthwatering grilled chicken breast.

Choosing the Right Chicken Breast

To achieve the best results when grilling chicken breast on a pellet grill, starting with high-quality chicken breast is essential. Look for fresh, boneless, skinless chicken breast at your local grocery store or butcher. Opt for organic or free-range chicken if possible, as it tends to have superior flavor and texture.

Preparing the Chicken Breast

Before grilling, it’s important to prepare the chicken breast properly. Start by rinsing the chicken under cold water and patting it dry with paper towels. Trim any excess fat or connective tissue, as this can cause flare-ups on the grill. You can also butterfly the chicken breast to ensure even cooking and faster grilling.

Marinating and Seasoning

Marinating the chicken breast adds flavor and helps to keep it moist during the grilling process. You can use a store-bought marinade or create your own using a combination of herbs, spices, oil, and acidic ingredients like lemon juice or vinegar. Here’s a simple marinade recipe to get you started:

Marinade Recipe:

  • 1/4 cup olive oil
  • 2 tablespoons lemon juice
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 teaspoon dried thyme
  • 1 teaspoon paprika
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Place the chicken breast in a resealable plastic bag and pour the marinade over it. Seal the bag and refrigerate for at least 30 minutes, but preferably 2-4 hours, to allow the flavors to penetrate the meat.

When it comes to seasoning, you can keep it simple with just salt and pepper, or you can get creative and use a blend of your favorite herbs and spices. Some popular choices include garlic powder, onion powder, smoked paprika, cayenne pepper, and Italian seasoning. Sprinkle the seasoning evenly over the chicken breast just before grilling.

Preparing the Pellet Grill

Now that your chicken breast is marinated and seasoned, it’s time to prepare the pellet grill for cooking. Follow these steps to ensure that your grill is ready to deliver optimal results:

  • Clean the grill: Start by cleaning the grates with a grill brush to remove any residue from previous cookouts. This will help prevent sticking and ensure even heat distribution.
  • Check the pellet supply: Make sure your pellet grill has an adequate supply of wood pellets. Choose pellets that complement the flavor profile you desire. Popular options include hickory, mesquite, applewood, and cherry.
  • Preheat the grill: Turn on your pellet grill and set the temperature to 375°F (190°C). Allow the grill to preheat for about 10-15 minutes with the lid closed. This will ensure that the grates are hot and ready for cooking.

Grilling the Chicken Breast

With the grill preheated and the chicken breast marinated, it’s time to start grilling. Follow these steps for perfectly grilled chicken breast on a pellet grill:

  • Oil the grates: Before placing the chicken breast on the grill, use tongs and a folded paper towel dipped in oil to grease the grates. This will help prevent sticking and ensure beautiful grill marks.
  • Place the chicken breast on the grill: Carefully place the chicken breast on the hot grill grates. Close the lid and let the chicken cook undisturbed for about 6-8 minutes.
  • Flip and continue grilling: After 6-8 minutes, use tongs to flip the chicken breast. Close the lid and continue grilling for another 6-8 minutes or until the internal temperature reaches 165°F (74°C). This ensures that the chicken is fully cooked and safe to eat.
  • Baste with sauce (optional): If you prefer saucy chicken, you can baste the chicken breast with your favorite barbecue sauce or glaze during the last few minutes of grilling. Be sure to turn the chicken frequently to prevent the sauce from burning.

Monitoring and Flipping

While the chicken breast is grilling, it’s important to monitor the temperature and flip it at the right time to achieve even cooking. Use a meat thermometer to check the internal temperature of the chicken breast. Insert the thermometer into the thickest part of the meat without touching the bone.

Determining Doneness

To ensure that your grilled chicken breast is cooked to perfection, it’s crucial to determine its doneness accurately. Follow these tips to gauge the doneness of your chicken breast:

  • Internal temperature: The most reliable way to check doneness is by using a meat thermometer. Insert the thermometer into the thickest part of the chicken breast without touching the bone. The internal temperature should reach 165°F (74°C) for fully cooked chicken.
  • Visual cues: Apart from using a thermometer, you can also rely on visual cues. Cut into the thickest part of the chicken breast, and if the juices run clear and there’s no pinkness, it’s likely cooked through.
  • Texture and touch: Well-cooked chicken breast should feel firm yet still springy when touched. If it feels rubbery or excessively soft, it may need more cooking time.

Resting and Serving

Once the chicken breast reaches the desired level of doneness, it’s essential to let it rest before serving. Resting allows the juices to redistribute, resulting in a moist and flavorful final product. Follow these steps for resting and serving your grilled chicken breast:

  • Remove from the grill: Using tongs, carefully remove the chicken breast from the grill and transfer it to a clean plate or cutting board.
  • Cover with foil: Loosely cover the chicken breast with foil and let it rest for 5-10 minutes. This resting period allows the juices to settle and ensures a juicy and tender texture.
  • Slice and serve: After resting, slice the chicken breast against the grain into thin strips or leave it whole, depending on your preference. Serve immediately and enjoy the delicious results of your pellet grill mastery!


FAQ 1: Can I grill frozen chicken breast on a pellet grill?

Grilling frozen chicken breast is not recommended. For optimal results, it’s best to thaw the chicken breast completely before grilling. Thawing allows for even cooking and helps the chicken retain its natural juices.

FAQ 2: How long does it take to grill chicken breast on a pellet grill?

The cooking time for chicken breast on a pellet grill can vary depending on the thickness of the meat and the grill’s temperature. On average, it takes about 12-16 minutes, flipping once, to grill a 1-inch-thick chicken breast to perfection.

FAQ 3: Can I use wood chips instead of pellets in my pellet grill?

No, it’s not recommended to use wood chips in a pellet grill. Pellet grills are specifically designed to burn wood pellets, which provide consistent heat and flavor. Using wood chips may cause inconsistent temperature control and affect the overall grilling experience.

FAQ 4: Should I brine the chicken breast before grilling?

Brining chicken breast before grilling can enhance its flavor and juiciness. You can prepare a simple brine by dissolving salt and sugar in water and soaking the chicken breast in the brine solution for a few hours before grilling. However, if you have already marinated the chicken breast, brining may not be necessary.

FAQ 5: What temperature should I set my pellet grill too?

For grilling chicken breast, it’s recommended to set your pellet grill to a temperature of 375°F (190°C). This temperature provides a balance between cooking the chicken through and achieving a nicely seared exterior.

FAQ 6: Can I use a gas grill instead of a pellet grill?

Yes, you can use a gas grill as an alternative to a pellet grill. The grilling process will be slightly different, but you can still achieve delicious results. Follow the same steps for preparing and grilling the chicken breast, adjusting the heat settings and cooking time according to your gas grill’s specifications.


Grilling chicken breast on a pellet grill is a delightful culinary experience that brings out the best flavors and textures in the meat. By following the step-by-step guide provided in this article, you can become a master of grilling chicken breast on a pellet grill. From choosing the right chicken breast to marinating, seasoning, grilling, and determining doneness, each step plays a crucial role in achieving juicy, smoky, and delicious results. So fire up your pellet grill, get your ingredients ready, and enjoy the mouthwatering satisfaction of perfectly grilled chicken breast.

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