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How does the Federal Reserve impact stocks, crypto and other investments?- Phemex


Given Silicon Valley Bank’s bankruptcy, ongoing banking disruptions, and persistent inflation, the Federal Reserve is confronted with challenging decisions regarding the future of interest rates. Following a string of ten consecutive rate hikes, the Fed refrained from raising rates during its June 13-14 meeting. However, should circumstances require it, Fed officials have indicated the likelihood of resuming rate hikes later this year. Nevertheless, some market observers believe that the Fed is nearing the end of its tightening cycle as it manages inflation, which saw a decrease to 4% in May compared to the previous year. Over the past year, higher interest rates have had an impact on stock prices, cryptocurrency prices, and commodity prices, including oil. But what can investors expect moving forward, and how long will the influence of the rate environment endure?

Definition and Role of the Federal Reserve

The Federal Reserve System, often referred to as the Fed, serves as the central banking system of the United States. The Federal Reserve Board (FRB), consisting of governors appointed by the president, oversees its operations. The system comprises twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks located in various cities, responsible for governing and supervising privately-owned commercial banks. National charter commercial banks are required to hold stock in the local Federal Reserve Bank and participate in board member elections. The primary stated purpose of the Federal Reserve System is to address banking panics.

The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), responsible for shaping Fed policy, operates under a “dual mandate,” which includes:

  1. Maximum employment: The Fed aims to sustainably maintain a high level of employment in the long run.
  2. Price stability: The Federal Reserve strives to maintain inflation, as indicated by annual fluctuations in the Personal Consumption Expenditures Price Index (PCE) and Consumer Price Index (CPI), at a steady and low target rate of 2% over the long term.

In essence, the Fed seeks to foster a transparent environment with stable prices and opportunities for generating new jobs. To achieve this goal, it assesses economic risks and implements regular adjustments to monetary policy.

The Significance of Interest Rates as a Monetary Policy Too

Interest rates represent the percentage charged by lenders to borrowers for loans, while the Annual Percentage Rate (APR) quantifies the loan’s interest rate. Similarly, interest rates also determine the earnings generated from savings accounts or certificates of deposit (CDs) at banks or credit unions, known as the Annual Percentage Yield (APY).

Interest rates impact individuals, corporations, and nations alike, serving as a monetary policy tool employed by central banks to regulate corporate and consumer borrowing.

What happened on the stock market today? How do interest rates affect cryptocurrency stocks?

Real-time predictions and changes in interest rates hold significant importance for traders in the cryptocurrency market. Why? Because favorable trading conditions influence investors’ appetite for higher-risk assets, such as cryptocurrencies, highlighting the interconnectedness between the crypto ecosystem and macroeconomic factors.

Interest rate fluctuations and borrowing costs may affect crypto markets differently than traditional assets. For instance, financing costs influence investment firms’ decisions to allocate funds towards businesses offering blockchain application development (e.g., Ethereum), thereby fostering blockchain adoption. In contrast, blockchains solely focused on transactional functions (e.g., Bitcoin) experience reduced marginal profitability due to higher expenses for mining rigs and warehouse space. Undoubtedly, the actions of the Federal Reserve hold considerable sway over stock and crypto markets. However, it is important to note that the value of cryptocurrencies is influenced by multiple factors beyond interest rates and borrowing costs.

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