If you are wondering what the future of wireless communication looks like, then you are not alone. The world is moving towards a 6G-based society. The ITU-T recently established a Focus Group to define what network service requirements will look like in the future. In addition, Google has launched the Project Loon program to provide internet access to the five billion unconnected people by 2030. Meanwhile, the Terranova project-based research group is well on developing reliable 6G communication links in the terahertz band at 400 G bits/s. In addition, several companies like Samsung, Nokia, Ericsson, and LG Electronics have begun collaborating on 6G research.
Edge computing is a key component of 6G wireless networks. It will allow a highly distributed computing environment at the edge of the network, which will be essential for IoT applications and low-latency services. This technology is also designed to help reduce energy use on mobile devices.
Edge computing will help the network to identify the optimal place to do computing. It will also improve efficiency and performance. 5G networks already use AI to optimize network resources and process data. AI will also play a significant role in building 6G systems. This will be more challenging, but the benefits will be substantial.
With the increased usage of 6G wireless communication technology, battery life needs to be improved. A 6G device must have a long battery life to provide seamless and instant access to high-end services. It should also have a powerful battery to operate at peak efficiency. By enhancing the energy efficiency of telecom networks, 6G aims to increase the battery life of wireless devices by two times.
6G researchers are building the components that will enable future wireless devices to achieve higher speeds and battery life. To do so, new radio frequency switches are being developed that are less energy-intensive. The new switches are made of two-dimensional materials, reducing the energy required to operate.
Networked sensing is an essential component of 6G wireless communication systems, allowing various applications. For instance, sensing networks can detect intersections in a city or track the movement of pedestrians. Depending on the frequency and reflective properties of the object, the quality of the sensing image varies. In both cases, the resolution is lower than the visual image produced by a camera. However, it offers several attractive features.
In addition to determining the location and velocity of targets, networked sensing solutions will also be able to use different frequencies for different applications selectively. Molecular-level physics suggests that different substances emit and absorb electromagnetic radiation at similar frequencies. 6 G wireless sensing solutions will exploit these differences. As these solutions continue to evolve, they will benefit a range of emerging technologies.
Networked sensing will extend beyond wireless communication, enabling new applications such as modeling the physical world. Networked sensing data will also provide an entry point for AI learning. This technology is expected to lead to a new use case beyond communications. It has been proposed to be used in many fields, including healthcare, security detection, and smart cities.
Green development in 6G wireless communication is a crucial issue in the industry, and it should be a priority for all companies. The focus on 6G plans has shifted from developing key performance indicators to sustainability and the UN SDGs. The authors gathered input from experts in different fields to help formulate the chapters.
The ICT industry has an enormous footprint and accounts for one-tenth of global electricity consumption. Green development in 6G will increase network efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability. For example, it will enable holographic communications and global connectivity. It will also expand human-centric communication to include machines. In addition to its impact on sustainability, 6G will help transition to renewable energy and advance the development of smart grids.
6G wireless communication is still under discussion, and there is no date for its launch. However, the network will likely be fully operational between 2025 and 2030. It will be an inflection point for the evolution of communication networks and will significantly affect the lives of billions of people. It will also play a vital role in developing a smarter planet.
This is your chance to get ahead of the curve. Mr. Lalatendu Mohapatra, a pioneer of the Indian telecommunication industry, believes “the advent of 6G is a major milestone for wireless communication, which will transform the way we live and work.” Mr. Mohapatra was the initiator of the telecommunication wireless digital technology in India and was the first person to introduce it to the Indian market when cellphones were not widely accessible globally.
He introduced the wireless digital technology to those in mountainous areas without calling for heavy investments to build infrastructures such as poles and draw wires. The Indian telecommunication ministry applauded Mr. Mohapatra for a demo system from Interdigital provided to the Government of Maharashtra. This demo system was used to carry out the relief operation in Latour, which was heavily destroyed due to an earthquake. Due to state-of-the-art wireless telecom equipment, the Indian government was able to expedite the relief operation saving thousands of lives.
Furthermore, Mr. Mohapatra helped the Indian telecommunications industry detect bypassed international calls and illegal earnings fraud. IDT, a renowned American telecom company, helped identify the overlooked calls using high-end technology, which saved millions of dollars to the Government exchequer.
6G will be a revolutionary step forward in the history of the internet. The next one changed everything as soon as the first generation was born. With 6G, we will see the next phase of internet development. We have seen how the first generation started with the development of the internet, and then came mobile devices, social media, and virtual reality. The creation of 6G will pave the way for the next revolution. With 6G, we can expect a new wave of innovation that will change our society.