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Futures Vs. Options: Where to Make Your Investment?

Futures and options are two markets that have gained the preference of traders and investors exponentially. These are high-end markets and offer traders the opportunity to make reasonable speculation. Placing trades in these markets may offer traders and investors a favorable outcome. However, these two markets require a lot of consideration from traders and investors willing to invest. Futures and options, being a sophisticated market, are a complex subject matter, and traders must have the knowledge to understand their conceptual framework. 

It enables traders to place their trades after making a comprehensive market assessment. Traders with an understanding of the various concepts of Futures and Options contracts possess a high probability of having successful trading experience. 

Futures: An Introduction

Futures are derivatives that receive their value from underlying. Futures contracts involve two parties who agree to buy or sell assets on a defined price, date, and lot size. Here are some of the essential elements of this market that traders and investors must keep in mind while placing their trades:-

  • Traders and investors can place Futures trades in exchanges like NYMEX, CBOT, CME, etc.
  • Traders must buy Futures in specified lots. 
  • Traders get to buy or sell the contract at the specified price and lot size on the expiration date, irrespective of the market conditions. 

An Overview of Options

Options also fall under the category of derivatives. In options, traders have a right but not an obligation to buy or sell the assets at a predetermined price, date, and lot size. Here are some essential elements of options trading:-

  • Calls: Traders receive the right to buy using these options. 
  • Puts: Traders receive the right to sell an asset at a specific price and date using put options. 
  • Implied Volatility: IV is a metric that enables traders and investors to forecast the security price. 
  • Strike Price: It is the price at which traders and investors can buy or sell an option contract. 
  • Premium: Traders need to pay a premium to purchase options. Factors like underlying stock price, volatility in the market, and the days until the option’s expiration determine the premium a buyer must pay. 

Analytical Comparison of Futures and Options

Following are some of the specifications of both markets traders must keep in mind while trading:-


Futures and options offer the same degree of liquidity to traders and investors. Contract Execution

In Futures, traders must execute the contract on or before the expiration date. While in options, traders receive rights, not the obligation. 


These both are volatile markets, and traders receive opportunities to make trading decisions with the same. However, volatility makes traders monitor the markets consistently to avoid unintended outcomes. 


Neither Futures nor options are risk-free, and traders must take the required measures to manage the same. Traders who know the distinct concepts involved in trading in these two markets can make the required analysis to manage the risk. Analysis techniques such as technical and fundamental analysis have turned out to be practical time and again. However, traders can manage the associated risk but can not eliminate it. The risk goes along with trading. 

Conclusive Remarks

Traders may place their trades in Futures and options, depending on their market speculation and trading strategy. These complex markets offer risk factors that traders must manage through sensible extrapolation. A regulated online broking service can offer an unparalleled trading experience to traders and investors. Trading involves risk and can result in losses exceeding deposits. It is essential to ensure traders understand the risks and manage their exposure.

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