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From Stocks to Bonds: The Broad Spectrum of Diversification


As an investor, you must think carefully about diversification or the “blending of asset classes.” About 90% of investors lose money in the stock market because of potential market changes. By diversifying your investment portfolio, you can successfully manage and lower the risks of losing your capital. 

That being said, what are the best ways for you to diversify your portfolio? Also, what are the most convenient assets for you to invest in? Are there any ways to make the best out of your investments and increase your income? You will find the answers to these questions in this article. 

Common Asset Classes and Their Risks

When it comes to investments, there are several asset classes that you could invest in. Here are the most popular:

1) Stocks

Commonly referred to as equities, stocks are ownerships of a certain company. These have the potential to rise as the company’s worth increases. For instance, if you buy stocks from a company that holds potential for a low price, you may reap the benefits in the next few decades as the stock value increases.

The same versatility also brings certain risks. Stocks are subjected to market changes, so if the company loses popularity, its value may drop. You can lose even your principal investment if the market drops enough. The worst part is that while you can predict an average future value, the stock’s success is not always guaranteed.

2) Bonds

Also referred to as “fixed income,” these investments offer a fixed asset, with the payment to be given at a future date. Bonds are outstanding to add to your portfolio, as they are secure, and you know exactly how much you will get. Unlike stocks, they are not likely to go lower if the market changes.

While advantageous, this fixed income also has its disadvantages. Just like its price won’t go any lower than what you expect, it won’t go any higher either. Also, unless they are treasury bonds, there is a risk that the company issuing them could default. In that case, you may not be able to cash in the bonds.

3) Alternative Investments

Alternative investments have become very popular nowadays, with more and more people choosing them over stocks and bonds. Some popular options include art, real estate, collectibles, venture capital, hedge funds, fine wines, and more. They are relatively high-risk, but the right investment has a high potential for returns.

Alternative assets can be risky, as they are often illiquid assets. You can get profit from a tangible piece of classic art, but real estate or hedge funds bring more risks. There is also limited information along with a lack of transparency that makes these investments a higher risk. 

How to Make the Most of Your Portfolio

The type of portfolio you create will determine your success as an investor. Here is how you can build a diversified portfolio and make the most out of it:

1) Invest in new assets regularly

When you are creating your portfolio, you may be tempted to buy a few stocks and just let them do their magic. However, times are changing, so you should ensure you grab the next opportunities. If cash is a problem, consider finding a way to supplement your income aside from investing.

For instance, if you have excess bandwidth, you may share it with other people to make extra cash. All the income that comes from there can be placed aside and potentially directed into another stock. This can increase your profits in the long run.

2) Buy across several industries

You may be tempted to buy into an industry that you are interested in, but a good idea would be to diversify it. For instance, while oil and gas prices used to have value before, prices are going down as the market changes. Anyone who only invested in this industry would experience great losses.

This is why you should buy multiple stocks from different industries. To make sure you don’t lose to the market, buy multiple of them. This way, if one industry fails, you have the other to give you a cushion. You should also invest in fixed assets to ensure you don’t lose all to the market. 

The Bottom Line

As an investor, you need to be very careful about your moves. Diversifying your portfolio is a good way to ensure as little loss as possible. The more investments you have, the merrier. 

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