Cyber Security 101: Know What Is Cyber Security & How To Learn It Online

Our dependence on the Internet and digital devices has seen an exponential increase in the past few decades. However, with crimes creeping into the digital world, the requirement for effective security measures has become a necessity. As the need for skilled professionals to defend against breaches of sensitive information rises, a noticeable shortage of qualified individuals capable of crafting and implementing robust security controls has emerged.

Enrolling in a cyber security course is the most effective way to enlighten yourself with relevant knowledge, know the current trends in the field, and kickstart a lucrative career! 

What is Cyber Security?

To help you define cybersecurity yourself, let us consider the meaning of specific words. 

Cyber pertains to systems, programs, networks, devices, and data. Security is simply protection. Hence, by combining the two, cyber security is all about measures taken to implement the security of cyber components. It includes technologies, controls, and processes customized to combat all types of threats. 

But what is the threat to the cyber world? 

The cyber-world faces cyber threats that aim to steal digitally stored information, which includes data critical to the owner. 

And how would someone steal it without access to the device? 

There are multiple measures that hackers adopt to invade devices. It includes computer viruses, Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, data breaches, phishing attacks, spyware, ransomware, cryptojacking, computer worms, DNS tunneling, backdoors, XSS attacks, SQL injection, and much more. 

Cyber Security Methods 

Cyber security is imparted through different methods depending on the potential form or mode of attack. The defining categories are: 

Network Security: It aims to protect the networks, such as network protocols, hosts, firewalls, wireless access points, and servers, from malware or target attacks. 

Operational Security: It refers to taking the actions and decisions and performing the procedures that deal with handling and protecting data assets. It also deals with permissions for network assessment and data sharing, along with the location of storage. 

Internet of Things Security: It includes the protection of smart networks and devices linked with IoT. It includes all the devices that require zero to minimal human intervention for operation. 

Cloud Security: Here, the cloud-based data is concerned with safety. It includes applications, data, and infrastructure of the cloud.

Application Security: Cyber security oversees the efficient development of applications to avoid security issues. It involves proper designing, coding, and publishing a website or software. 

Endpoint Security: The endpoint is the individual using the service. End-user protection or endpoint security is the protection of users and their systems from cyber-attacks. Encryption, regular scanning, and security protocols are some of the measures for protection. 

Why Consider a Career in Cyber Security?

When contemplating whether a cyber security course can steer your way to the right career option, review the points below:

Career demand: The demand for information security analysts is expected to grow by 32%, which is much faster than average. There are multiple roles, such as penetration testers, security architects, and generalist cyber security roles, that are difficult to fill owing to a lack of skills and knowledge. Why don’t you become the right candidate for those?

Dynamic field: The updates in the cyber world are not limited to mobiles or software. There are new versions of attacks and threats requiring innovative and new methods to combat them. So, learning is a necessity in this field. 

Salary: You can aim for good numbers in the field with a base pay range lying between 4 lakhs to 10 lakhs. The average expectation should be around 7 lakhs per year. Further, additional compensation of around 1 lakh on average can also be expected. 

Impact value: Cyber Security offers a real impact to the users. Apart from being of utmost significance in individuals’ lives, businesses also benefit from it. Thus, the cyber security field is capable of offering career satisfaction. 

Skillset choice: Explore a variety of fields and define your career path. From system maintenance to incident response, troubleshooting, repairs, upgrades, backup, and more – the choice is yours. 

Various responsibilities: Are you more interested in management positions than technical roles? Or is the vice versa true? Numerous roles are open to cybersecurity professionals.  

Features to Look for In A Cyber Security Course Online

When looking for a cyber security course online, consider the following aspects:

Inclusion of Important Topics in Cyber Security

Some of the significant and interesting topics in the field are something we all come across. Critical for the purpose of research or to choose the right cyber security online course, these also keep you updated with the latest happenings. Here is a list for your knowledge: 

  • Posture management in cloud security
  • Cryptographic technologies and smart contracts in Blockchain
  • Threat assessment in banking services 
  • Service orchestration and routing for IoT
  • Effects of ad-hoc networks 
  • Cyber threat analysis 
  • Comparison and contrast with detailed insights into black and white hat hacking 
  • Insights into security research like security protocols and insecure deserialization effect 
  • Moral aspects of music streaming and other copyright products 
  • Laws and regulations 
  • Quantum and space 

Proficiency through Cyber Security Training 

Pick a course that hones your ability to detect vulnerabilities, manage attacks, and respond swiftly to emergencies. The course must offer a high-engagement learning experience and real-world applications designed for individuals who want to start a new or upskill themselves. Access to hands-on projects aligned to various industry verticals is worth considering.


A course that offers certification from esteemed institutions can be your best pick. Employers value skills and certificates that validate your cyber security skills. They can be a game changer, putting you in a stronger position to negotiate better packages.  

Access to Learning Materials

The best online courses today offer masterclasses from top faculty, live virtual classes led by industry experts, and lifetime access to self-paced videos. 


Cyber security has been an evergreen field since the development of computers. Moreover, it is set to develop more in the future. With promising opportunities and a vast scope for freshers and professionals, it also offers ease to upskill and switch careers in the field. Effectively choosing a cyber security training course to fulfill the skill gaps and requirements is the key to progress. Pick a suitable course, enroll, and remain updated with the latest trends, techniques, and topics

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