Cervical dysplasia is a medical condition that occurs when abnormal cells grow on the surface of the cervix. The condition is usually caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and is usually detected through a Pap test or HPV test. Cervical dysplasia may or may not be cancerous, but if left untreated, it can progress to cervical cancer.
The cervical refers to the cervix, it is the part between the uterus and the vagina that softens and dilates during childbirth. Dysplasia is a condition when cells grow in an unorganized pattern. They are not cancerous. But it can turn into cancer. Therefore they need to be looked after well and timely. If you are diagnosed with cervical dysplasia, you must attend follow-up visits with the healthcare provider. To get an expert opinion, you can visit a gynecologist doctor in karachi.
Cervical dysplasia is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a very common sexually transmitted infection. This infection affects both men and women. There are many different strains of HPV, but only a few of them are associated with cervical cancer (Strain 11 and 16).
There are several risk factors for cervical dysplasia, including:
- Age: This medical condition is most common in women between the ages of 25 and 35.
- HPV infection: Women who have had an HPV infection in the past are at a higher risk of developing cervical dysplasia.
- Smoking: Women who smoke are more likely to develop cervical dysplasia than non-smokers.
- Weakened immune system: Women with weakened immune systems are at a higher risk of developing cervical dysplasia.
Cervical dysplasia usually does not cause any symptoms, which is why regular Pap tests are essential. However, some women may experience a few symptoms including:
- abnormal vaginal bleeding
- pain during intercourse
The diagnosis of cervical dysplasia involves the following steps:
- Pap smear: This is a screening test that involves collecting cells from the cervix. The cells are examined under a microscope for any abnormalities. Pap smears should be routinely performed to stay safe.
- HPV testing: HPV (Human Papillomavirus) is a virus that can cause cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer. If abnormal cells are detected during a Pap smear, an HPV test may be performed to determine if HPV is present.
- Colposcopy: If the Pap smear or HPV test indicates abnormal cells, a colposcopy may be performed. This procedure involves using a special instrument called a colposcope to examine the cervix for any abnormal areas.
- Biopsy: If abnormal areas are identified during a colposcopy, a biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
The treatment of cervical dysplasia depends on the severity of the condition. Mild cases may resolve on their own, without any treatment, while more severe cases may require surgical intervention.
- Watchful waiting: In some cases, mild cervical dysplasia may resolve on its own, without any treatment. The doctor may recommend monitoring the condition with regular Pap smears or colposcopies.
- LEEP (Loop electrosurgical excision procedure): This is a surgical procedure that involves removing abnormal tissue from the cervix using a wire loop that is heated with an electrical current.
- Cryotherapy: This is a procedure that involves freezing abnormal tissue on the cervix with liquid nitrogen.
- Laser therapy: This is a procedure that involves using a laser to remove abnormal tissue from the cervix.
- Hysterectomy: In rare cases where cervical dysplasia is severe or has progressed to cervical cancer, a hysterectomy may be necessary. It involves surgically removing the uterus and cervix.
The Bottom Line
Cervical dysplasia can turn into cancer. Therefore it needs to be looked after well and timely. If you are diagnosed with it, you must visit the healthcare provider time and again. To get an expert opinion, you can consult with the best gynecologist in Rawalpindi.