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Cat FIP (Feline Infectious Peritonitis): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

What Is Feline Infectious Peritonitis?

What Is Feline Infectious Peritonitis?

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a viral disease caused by a feline coronavirus that affects wild and domestic cats. This type of coronavirus is different from the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 in people.

Feline coronavirus is very common and usually doesn’t cause any serious issues, aside from mild diarrhea. But when the feline coronavirus changes to a specific strain, FIP can develop. In about 10% of infected cats, the virus will multiply and mutate, resulting in an infection known as feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) that spreads throughout the cat’s body. It can cause an extreme inflammatory reaction in the tissues surrounding the abdomen, kidney, or brain.

Although FIP is not believed to be contagious, it is a very serious disease. When a cat gets FIP, it is progressive and almost always fatal.

FIP Symptoms

Early signs of FIP can vary but often include a rising and falling fever, loss of appetite, and energy loss. As time goes by, infected cats may have more FIP symptoms that depend on the form of FIP.

FIP comes in a “dry” form and a “wet” form. Infected cats can have symptoms of only one form or a combination of both.

Dry form: The dry form of FIP causes infection and inflammatory lesions around the blood vessels in a cat’s body. This infection can affect the brain, liver, kidneys, lungs, and skin. This form often causes the cat to have seizures and move in an abnormal or uncoordinated way. In some cases, cats will also have excessive thirst and urination, vomiting, weight loss, and jaundice.

Wet form: With this form of the disease, fluid builds up in the abdomen, which causes a pot-bellied appearance. Fluid may also build up in the chest, making it hard for the cat to breathe. This form of FIP causes damage to the blood vessels, resulting in inflammation and fluid leaking from the blood into the abdomen and chest.

Once a cat has FIP in either form, the symptoms tend to get worse with time. Euthanasia (or putting the cat “to sleep”) is often necessary in a matter of weeks or months.

Diagnosis of FIP in Cats

FIP disease is difficult to diagnose. Many of its symptoms could also be symptoms of other issues, and there is no single blood test available to confirm FIP. Your veterinarian is more likely to assume FIP is present if your cat:

Has a low number of white blood cells

Has an unusually high number of white blood cells

Has elevated concentrations of protein in the blood

Shows yellowing of the gums or eyes

Is in a higher risk group (young cats or cats living in an overcrowded environment)

If there is a build-up of fluid in your cat’s abdomen or chest, your veterinarian may collect a sample of the fluid for testing. Fluid with a high protein percentage is an indicator of FIP and will frequently be yellow-tinged. If FIP is suspected, your veterinarian may take an X-ray or ultrasound of your cat.

There are a few other tests that may help support a FIP diagnosis. The immunoperoxidase test can detect white blood cells infected with the virus. Polymerase chain reaction technology can be used to test for the virus in the tissue or body fluid. Sometimes, a biopsy of the infected tissue inside the abdominal cavity may be performed.

Although these tests can help support a veterinarian’s diagnosis, none of them is 100% accurate.

FIP Treatment in Cats

Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is a fatal disease in cats caused by Feline Coronavirus (FCoV). FIP used to be considered untreatable, but there is now an effective treatment for FIP in cats using the antiviral drug GS-441524. The FIP drug shows a very high success rate with over 87% effectiveness in clinical studies. FIP Treatment with GS-441524 is done with Injections and Oral Capsules.

FIP is a very dangerous and fatal disease in cats. However, with the right FIP treatment, cat owners can save their cats from this disease. GS-441524, Dr. It is an antiviral FIP drug developed by Niels Pedersen in research conducted for the treatment of FIP in cats. It has undergone clinical trials and has proven to be very effective in curing cats affected by FIP, with a success rate of more than 87%.

With this developed treatment method, Wet and Dry FIP treatment is performed effectively.

Our treatment is also used in the treatment of Neurological FIP and Ocular FIP, which are two other types of FIP.

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