Bitcoin’s 4th Halving Cuts Miner Rewards to 3.125 BTC

The fourth halving of Bitcoin has reduced miner incentives to 3.125 BTC, causing market responses and changes in the sector.

TakeAway Points:

  • The “halving” of Bitcoin lowered miner payouts from 900 to 450, which might have an effect on mining businesses’ earnings.
  • Analysts think the recent incident was already priced into the market, despite previous rises following the reduction.
  • According to JPMorgan, the mining industry would undoubtedly consolidate, with publicly traded companies probably benefiting from easier access to capital.

The Time of the Halving Event

The Bitcoin network saw its much awaited “halving,” a momentous occasion that cuts the mining incentive in half, and the whole cryptocurrency community watched with great interest.

It happened at 8:10 p.m. on Friday night in New York, according to and, and it is the fourth time it is happened since Bitcoin was first used. 

The halving was designed by Satoshi Nakamoto, the secret creator of Bitcoin, with the intention of preventing inflation by upholding a hard cap of 21 million Bitcoin. Because of this, the daily payout for miners who validate transactions on the blockchain has dropped from 900 to 450 bitcoin.

Market Consequences

Supporters of Bitcoin, such as Michael Saylor, chairman of MicroStrategy Inc., see the halving as a positive development for the cryptocurrency despite the decrease in mining profits. They contend that lowering the number of new tokens issued could increase the value of Bitcoin, particularly in light of the growing demand from new exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that hold the digital asset.

Analysts from Deutsche Bank AG and JPMorgan Chase & Co., however, contend that the market has already factored in the halving event. With every halving, the dilutive effect of mining also decreases; the new supply of Bitcoin for the next cycle will only make up 3.3% of the total amount outstanding, a substantial drop from 50% after the first halving.

Effects on Mining Enterprises

The Bitcoin mining industry is anticipated to be most directly impacted by the halving, which may wipe out billions of dollars in yearly revenue. However, if Bitcoin’s value keeps rising, the blow might be lessened. The mining process, which uses a lot of energy, entails confirming transactions on the blockchain. 

Companies that have made significant investments in this field include Riot Platforms, Inc. and Marathon Digital Holdings, Inc. According to JPMorgan analysts, the industry would likely consolidate, with publicly traded companies expected to gain market share as a result of their improved access to capital and capacity to make investments in productive machinery.

“Publicly-listed Bitcoin miners are well positioned to take advantage of the new environment, mainly due to greater access to funding and, in particular, equity financing. This helps them scale their operations and invest in more efficient equipment.” JPMorgan Analysts said.

However, in recent notes,  Reginald Smith, a JPMorgan analyst, said, “All else equal, the halving will cut industry revenues in half, triggering a wave of consolidation and business closures, while (hopefully) rationalizing the network hashrate and industry capex, which is ultimately good for the remaining operators.” 

Mining stocks have been volatile in the days leading up to the event. Many are down by double digits for the year, after rallying between about 300% and 600% in 2023. Riot Platforms, for instance, is down about 41% in 2024 through Friday’s close, but it surged 356% in 2023.

“The market so far has seen bitcoin mining stocks as mere BTC proxies, in absence of bitcoin ETFs,” said Bernstein analyst Gautam Chhugani. ”[The] halving would further differentiate the low cost, high-scale consolidating winners vs. the rest of the smaller miners, which may be disadvantaged post-halving.”

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