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# A Guide to 5 Key Financial KPIs: How to Calculate Them Quickly

As a business owner, keeping track of your company’s financial health is essential to ensure its long-term success. That’s where financial KPIs come in. KPIs or Key Performance Indicators are metrics that help you measure the performance of your business against its goals.

You can make data-driven decisions and improve your company’s financial health by tracking these KPIs. This article will discuss five essential financial KPIs and provide simple strategies to calculate them easily.

## The 5 Key Financial KPIs and Simple Calculation Strategies

### Gross Profit Margin

Gross Profit Margin is a financial KPI that measures the profitability of your business after accounting for the cost of goods sold (COGS). It represents the amount of revenue that remains after subtracting the cost of producing or acquiring the goods. To calculate the Gross Profit Margin, you need to subtract COGS from revenue, divide the result by revenue, then multiply by 100 to get the percentage.

The formula is as follows:

Gross Profit Margin = ((Revenue – COGS) / Revenue) x 100

Gross Profit Margin helps you understand how much profit you’re making on each unit sold, and it’s an essential indicator of your company’s overall financial health. A high Gross Profit Margin indicates that you’re generating enough revenue to cover your costs and have a good profit left over.

### Current Ratio

Current Ratio is a financial KPI that measures your company’s ability to pay off its short-term liabilities with its short-term assets. It compares your current assets, which can be easily converted into cash, with your current liabilities, which are due within a year. To calculate the Current Ratio, divide your current assets by your current liabilities.

The formula is as follows:

Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities

The Current Ratio is a crucial indicator of your company’s liquidity and ability to meet its short-term financial obligations. A high Current Ratio indicates that you have enough assets to cover your liabilities, while a low Current Ratio suggests that you may have trouble paying off your short-term debts.

### Net Profit Margin

Net Profit Margin is a financial KPI that measures your company’s profitability after all expenses, including taxes and interest, have been deducted from your revenue. It indicates how much profit your business is generating for every dollar of revenue earned. To calculate the Net Profit Margin, divide your net profit by your revenue, then multiply by 100 to get the percentage.

The formula is as follows:

Net Profit Margin = (Net Profit / Revenue) x 100

Net Profit Margin is a critical indicator of your company’s financial health and ability to generate profit. A high Net Profit Margin means that your company is efficient at managing costs and generating revenue, which is an excellent sign for potential investors or lenders.

### Accounts Receivable Turnover

Accounts Receivable Turnover is a financial KPI that measures how quickly your company is collecting payment from its customers. It represents the number of times your company collects its average accounts receivable during a specific period, such as a month or a year. To calculate the Accounts Receivable Turnover, divide your net credit sales by your average accounts receivable.

The formula is as follows:

Accounts Receivable Turnover = Net Credit Sales / Average Accounts Receivable

Accounts Receivable Turnover is a critical indicator of your company’s cash flow and liquidity. A high Accounts Receivable Turnover indicates that your company is collecting payment from its customers quickly and efficiently, which means you have more cash available to invest in your business.

### Return on Investment (ROI)

Return on Investment (ROI) is a financial KPI that measures the return or profit you’re getting on an investment. It’s a ratio of the amount gained or lost on an investment relative to the amount invested. To calculate the ROI, subtract the investment cost from the gain, then divide the result by the investment cost and multiply by 100 to get the percentage.

The formula is as follows:

ROI = ((Gain – Cost) / Cost) x 100

ROI is an essential indicator of the profitability of an investment and helps you determine if it’s worth the investment. A high ROI means you’re getting a good return on your investment, while a low ROI suggests that the investment may not be worthwhile.

## Key Takeaways

Implementing these KPIs into your financial management strategies will help you stay on top of your business’s financial health and pave the way for long-term success. Understanding your gross profit margin, current ratio, net profit margin, accounts receivable turnover, and return on investment will help you make informed decisions to improve your company’s profitability, liquidity, and cash flow.

Using financial projection templates can also make calculating these KPIs easier and more accurate. These templates provide a framework for forecasting your revenue, expenses, and cash flow, allowing you to track your progress against your projections and adjust your strategy

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