Surveillance Technology can be defined as an act of monitoring certain activities, person or place for safety reasons with a group of processes and systems developed to detect, record, track, analyze, interpret, and store data in a computer system or on a physical medium. The technologies may also include the methods that are used to determine the legal and ethical issues in the use of surveillance technology.
Surveillance technology was developed in the early 1980 and has become one of the most important technological developments of our era. The definition of surveillance technology encompasses the entire spectrum of the technological processes, systems and technologies that allow law enforcement agencies to monitor and track individuals, the use of surveillance to enforce the criminal law, and also the use of surveillance to gather intelligence for a wide range of public safety and security issues.
“As per data from reports, in 2025, the global video surveillance market was projected to reach 74.6 billion U.S. dollars in revenue, an increase from the 45.5 billion U.S. dollars that was anticipated in 2020. The forecast for 2025 values the global video surveillance market at nearly three times the size as it was in 2016”
As stated before, the scope of surveillance technology is the entire spectrum of the technology systems and processes that allow law enforcement agencies to monitor and track individuals, the use of surveillance to enforce the criminal law, and also the use of surveillance to gather intelligence for a wide range of public safety and security issues. The term of Surveillance Technology has been expanded by the use of terms such as computer monitoring, surveillance, wiretapping, electronic surveillance, covert surveillance, and facial recognition technology.
Some of the systems, processes and technologies that are part of the surveillance technology include video surveillance, closed circuit TV, and the installation of cameras on automobiles, in homes and to protect businesses. These are used to monitor people, and record the activities of the people who are being watched. These systems have become a common part of law enforcement and security agencies.
There is another group of surveillance technologies that are used by corporations and other organizations that are involved in the collecting of information about a person. This information is collected through the use of surveillance, such as GPS tracking, or the use of satellite and radio communications.
There are also several types of surveillance technologies that are used by businesses and individuals for their own private use. The information that is gathered and stored in these systems may include personal information, financial information, and credit card numbers. Any type of data that is collected in a system is referred to as sensitive information and is subject to strict rules and regulations that govern the collection and use of this information.
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